It is widely believed that the Indian house was called the wigwam. It is, however, partly misconception, but rather would say incomplete. Wigwam because it is only one kind of an Indian home. First of all, wigwams were fixed construction, dwellings were mobile. Wigwam poles mounted in the ground. Wigwams were lower than the tipi and popular among the tribes to sedentary (mainly America north-east). They were built of branches, covered with patches of bark.
The Indians of the Great Plains, nomadic life as Lakota, Cheyenowie, Blackfeet, lived in mobile homes, called TIPI. Tipi literally means “house”. Tipi construction is based on long poles, interrelated. For it is applied to skin that had once been made from the skins of buffalo, sewn together. Such homes can easily be folded out and transported, which was essential when hiking for bizonimi herds. At a time when the Indians were used as draft animals, dogs, tipis were relatively small: their diameter at the base ranged from 2.5 to 3 meters. When you see the horses, the size tipi significantly increased, up to a height of 7 meters. The tipi lived the whole family. Because it was a common occurrence to have several wives, people lived then in two or three tipi. In the middle of the tipi bonfire burned. It does not protect completely against the cold, but allowed to survive low winter temperatures.
A woman deciding to get married, she had to sew a new tipi for your family. Tipi on average it took about 20 buffalo hides. They helped her in this familiar and relatives. Tipi and its all equipment and utensils, belonged exclusively to women, except for the sacred objects and gun man.
In the Indian village of Rudy we present several tipi. These are tents with canvas, which they received from the Indians in exchange for the white skin of hunted animals. Tipi, made from this material, were lighter and, therefore, easier to transport. Inside disrupted so. inner wall. In order to protect against wind, the whole is fixed to the ground with wooden stakes.